Major sin is breaking One’s Fast during Ramadan without an Excuse, and Not Performing the Hajj When Able to
Allah, the Most High, says in surat Baqarah 183-184:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ. أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۚ وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ ۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ وَأَن تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ.
O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become righteous. O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days,’ but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. (AI-Baqarah: 183-184)
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Islam is built upon five pillars: Testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing prayers, paying Zakat, making pilgrimage and fasting in Ramada.” Reported by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim
It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said; “Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan” without an excuse or illness could not requite it by fasting a lifetime, were he to do so.” Reported by Imams Abu Dawud, Tirmithi, Ibn Majah
Ibn ‘Abbas, May Allah be pleased with him, said; “Principles of Islam are three: testifying that there is no god but Allah, prayers and fasting in Ramadan. Whoever misses anyone of them has disbelieved.” Reported by Imam Abu Ya’la and Haithami
7) Not Performing the Hajj When Able to
Allah, the Most High, says, Surat Ali Imran 97:
إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ. فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ.
Pilgrimage thereto is a duty, men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures. (Al-Umran: 97)
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Whoever can afford this journey to the sacred House, by provision and transportation and he does not make the pilgrimage, there is no blame if he dies as a Jew or a Christian. This is because Allah says, “Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey.”
‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, May Allah be pleased with him, said, “I have considered sending men to these cities to see who has not made the pilgrimage, and collect the non-Muslim poll tax (Jizya) from everyone possessing the means who has not performed it. They are not Muslims.” Sa’id Ibn Jubair said, “If I have a wealthy neighbor who died without making pilgrimage, I would never pray over him.”
22 Jumadal Akhir 1433