The virtues of Surah al-Baqarah and Ali Imran

Abu Hurayra r,a, said that the Prophet a,s, said: Do not turn your houses into graves.. Verly, Shaytan does not enter where Surat Al-Baqarah is recited. (Imam Tirmizi)

لا تجعلوا بيوتكم قبوراً فان البيت الذب تُقرأ فيه سورة البقرة لا يدخله الشيطان

Abdullh ibn Masu’ud said: Shaytan flees from the house where Surat al-Baqarah is heard

Ibn Masu’ud said: Shaytan departed the house where surat Al-Baqarah is being recited, and as he leaves he passes gas

Abu Huraira said: The Messenger of Allah sent an expedition force comprising of many men and asked each about what they memorized of the Qur’an. The prophet a,s, came to one of the  youngest men among them and asked him: What have you memorized (of the Qur’an) young man? He said: I memorized such and such surah’s and also Baqarah. The prophet said you memorized surah Baqarah? he said yes! the prophet said: Then you are their commander

Imam Ahmad narrated from Abdullah bin Buraydah that his father said: I was sitting with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and I heard him say:

تَعَلَّمُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ، وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ، وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة

Learn Surah Al-Baqarah because there is blessing in learning it, there is sorrow in ignoring it, and the sorceresses cannot memorize it.

He kept silent for a while and then said:

تَعَلَّمُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ فَإِنَّهُمَا الزَّهْرَاوَانِ، يُظِلَّانِ صَاحِبَهُمَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ أَوْ غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، وَإِنَّ الْقُرآنَ يَلْقى صَاحِبَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حِينَ يَنْشَقُّ عَنْهُ قَبْرُهُ كَالرَّجُلِ الشَّاحِبِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ: هَلْ تَعْرِفُنِي؟ فَيَقُولُ: مَا أَعْرِفُكَ. فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا صَاحِبُكَ الْقُرْآنُ الَّذِي أَظْمَأْتُكَ فِي الْهَوَاجِرِ وَأَسْهَرْتُ لَيْلَكَ وَإِنَّ كُلَّ تَاجِرٍ مِنْ وَرَاءِ تِجَارَتِهِ، وَإِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ كُلِّ تِجَارَةٍ فَيُعْطَى الْمُلْكَ بِيَمِينِهِ وَالْخُلْدَ بِشِمَالِهِ وَيُوضَعُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ تَاجُ الْوَقَارِ، وَيُكْسَى وَالِدَاهُ حُلَّتَانِ لَا يَقُومُ لَهُمَا أَهْلُ الدُّنْيَا، فَيَقُولَانِ: بِمَا كُسِينَا هَذَا؟ فَيُقَالُ: بِأَخْذِ وَلَدِكُمَا الْقُرْآنَ ثُمَّ يُقَالُ: اقْرَأْ وَاصْعَدْ فِي دَرَجِ الْجَنَّةِ وَغُرَفِهَا، فَهُوَ فِي صُعُودٍ مَا دَامَ يَقْرأُ هَذًّا كَانَ أَوْ تَرْتِيلًا

Learn Surah Al-Baqarah and Ali Imran because they are two lights and they shade their people on the Day of Resurrection just as two clouds, two spaces of shade or two lines of birds. On the Day of Resurrection, the Quran will meet its companion in the shape of a pale-faced man when his grave is opened. The Quran will ask him, “Do you know me?” The man will say, “I do not know you.” The Quran will say, “I am your companion, the Quran, which has brought you thirst during the heat and made you stay up during the night. Every merchant has his certain trade. But, this Day, you are behind all types of trade.” Kingship will then be given to him in his right hand, eternal life in his left hand and the crown of grace will be placed on his head. His parents will also be granted two garments that the people of this world could never afford. They will say, “Why were we granted these garments?” It will be said, “Because your son was carrying the Quran.” It will be said (to the reciter of the Quran), “Read and ascend through the levels of Paradise.” He will go on ascending as long as he recites, whether reciting slowly or quickly. [Musnad Ahmad, Number 22441, Hasan]

Ibn Majah also recorded part of this Hadith from Bishr bin Al-Muhajir, and this chain of narrators is good according to the criteria of Imam Muslim. A part of this Hadith is also supported by other Hadiths. For instance, 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Umamah Al-Bahili said that he heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:

اقْرَأُوا الْقُرْآنَ فَإِنَّهُ شَافِعٌ لِأَهْلِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ اقْرَأُوا الزَّهْرَاوَيْنِ، الْبَقَرَةَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ، فَإِنَّهُمَا يَأْتِيَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ، أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، يُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ أَهْلِهِمَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة

Read the Quran, because it will intercede on behalf of its people on the Day of Resurrection. Read the two lights, Al-Baqarah and Ali Imran, because they will come in the shape of two clouds, two shades or two lines of birds on the Day of Resurrection and will argue on behalf of their people on that Day.

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, then said:

اقْرَأُوا الْبَقَرَةَ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة

Recite Surah Al-Baqarah because there is blessing in it, there is sorrow in ignoring it, and the sorceresses cannot memorize it. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 1757]

In addition, Imam Muslim narrated this tradition in the Book of Prayer.

Imam Ahmad narrated from An-Nawwas bin Sam’an said that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُؤْتَى بِالقُرْآنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَهْلِهِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ بِهِ تَقْدَمُهُم سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلُ عِمْرَان

On the Day of Resurrection, the Quran and its people who acted upon it will be brought forth, preceded by Surah Al-Baqarah and Ali Imran.

An-Nawwas said: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, set three examples for these two Surahs and I did not forget these examples ever since. He said:

كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ، أَوْ ظُلَّتَانِ سَودَاوَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا شَرْقٌ، أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، يُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِمَا

They will come like two clouds, two dark shades or two lines of birds arguing on behalf of their people. [Musnad Ahmad, Number 17185, Hasan]

Some of the scholars said: that it contains a thousand news incidents, a thousand commands, and a thousand prohibitions.

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