Hutba April-19-2013/ 08-Džumadel Sani-1434 / Bolesti jezika u savremenom dobu III dio

Bolesti jezika u savremenom dobu III dio

Imam Sedin AgicProšlog petka smo govorili o ”laganju i neispunjavanju obaveza te o ogovaranju” danas govorimo o još jednoj opakoj bolesti a to je ”raspravljanje, svađanje i nesuglasice s drugima”. Allah dž,š, kaže u suri Isra 36: Ne povodi se za onim što ne znaš! I sluh, i vid, i razum, za sve to će se, zaista, odgovarati.

Rasprava ništa ne koristi osim što povećava neprijateljstvo, mržnju i oholost. Zato se treba kloniti rasprave i argumentiranja s drugima, a posebno kad znaš da neće uroditi plodom. Prenosi se od Ebu Umame r,a, da je Poslanik a,s, rekao: “Ja garantujem kuću u krajevima Dženneta onome ko ostavi raspravu (el-mira’) pa makar bio u pravu, kuću u sredini Dženneta ko ostavi laganje pa makar i u šali i kuću u najvišem dijelu Dženneta onome ko uljepša svoj ahlak (ponašanje). Ebu Davud, Tirmizi i Ibn Madže.

Poslanik a,s, je rekao; “Ko napusti raspravu kad nije u pravu, bude mu napravljena kuća u džennetskoj mahali, a ko ostavi raspravu kad je u pravu, bude mu izgrađena kuća u najodabranijem dijelu dženneta.” (Ibn Madze i Tirmizi)

Takođe, Uzvišeni raspravljanje spominje u negativnom kontekstu kada kaže: “U ovom Kur’anu Mi na razne načine objašnajvamo ljudima svakovrsne primjere, ali je čovjek više nego iko spreman da raspravlja” (El-Kehf, 54).

Raspravljanje je jedna teška bolest, koju boluju ljudi, kojima su lični interesi ispred interesa džemata. Na tu bolest upozorava Uzvišeni Allah u Kur’anu: ”Pokoravajte se Allahu i Njegovom Poslaniku, i ne upuštajte se u rasprave, da ne biste smalaksali i bez borbenog žara ostali. I budite izdržljivi, a Allah je na strani izdržljivih.” (El-Enfal, 46.)

A rasprava koja je zabranjena i pokuđena je spomenuta u hadisu od Ebu Umame r,a, u kojem kaže Poslanik a,s: “Nijedan narod  nije zalutao nakon prave vjere (upute) u kojoj je bio, a da nisu postali  spremni na prepirku. Zatim je proučio riječi Uzvišenog: “Da li su bolji naši kumiri ili on?” A naveli su ti ga kao primjer samo zato da bi spor izazvali, jer su oni narod svađalački.” (Ez-Zuhruf, 58). Imami Tirmizi, Ibn Madže i Ahmed.

Treba se truditi da naše ponašanje i govor oslobodimo od spomenutih negativnih osobina. Allah Uzvišeni je zabranio ruganje i ponižavanje i to se jasno zabranjuje, takvu vrstu odnosa prema drugima, rekavši u suri Hudžurat 11: “O vjernici, neka se muškarci jedni drugima ne rugaju, možda su oni bolji od njih, a ni žene drugim ženama, možda su one bolje od njih. Poslanik a,s, kaže: Oholost je omaložavanje istine i preziranje ljudi,  tj; smatranje drugih manje vrijednim, što je haram

Abdullaha bib Abbasa r.a, prenosi hadis u kom se kaže da je Poslanik a,s, rekao: „Nemoj se nadmetati u govoru sa svojim bratom, nemoj se ismijavati s njim i nemoj mu obećavati ono što nećeš ispuniti!

U drugoj Ibn Abbasovoj predaji, Poslanik, a.s., upozorava: „Dovoljno je čovjeku grijeha da bude uporan u svađi i raspravi!” Poslanik a,s, je rekao; “Ne raspravljaj se sa svojim bratom“, kojeg bilježi Tirmizi od Ibn Abbasa, i hadisa: “Neće vjerovati rob potpunim imanom sve dok ne ostavi laganje u šali i dok ne ostavi raspravljanje pa makar istinu govorio“, kojeg bilježi Ahmed od Ebu Hurejre.

Hasan el-Basri kaže: „Skromnost je da izađeš iz svoje kuće i koga god sretneš od muslimana da ga smatraš boljim od sebe!

Ibn Abbas i njegov otac su rekli: Kako je ružan grijeh i djelo da čovjek raspravlja! Imam evzai je rekao; Kad Allah želi da iskuša jedan narod stavi ih na kušnju raspravljanja, te prestanu raditi dobra djela. Muhammed ibn Husejn ibn Ali je rekao; rasprava briše vjeru i pobuđuje neprijateljstvo među narodom.

 

The diseases and illnesses of the tongue

Part III

All praise is due to Allah. May peace and blessings be upon the Prophet, his household and companions?

Last jumuah we talked about the illnesses of the tongue: lying and breaking promises, and Backbiting today we will talk about: Wrangling, arguing and disputing with others.

Allah said in surah Isra 36: And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart about all those (one) will be questioned.

Wrangling, arguing and disputing with others: This does nothing but increase enmity between the hearts and pride within oneself. Therefore, abandon argumentation and disputation with others, especially when you know it is of no use or benefit.

Abu Umama reported that the Prophet said: “If a man avoids disputing when he is in the wrong, God builds for him a mansion in the middle part of paradise. And if a man avoids disputing when he is in the right, God builds for him a mansion in highest part of paradise”. Imam Abu Dawud, Tirmithi and Ibn Majah.

The Noble Quran clearly states that man is naturally argumentative, despite the evidence, arguments, proofs, and clear signs and varied examples that he sees. Allah The Almighty Says in surah Kahf 54: And We have certainly diversified in this Qur’an for the people from every (kind of) example; but man has ever been, most of anything, (prone to) dispute. (But man is ever more quarrelsome than anything)

Dispute in Showing One’s Merit and Belittling Others

This is a great evil that few people manage to avoid. It is the habit of many in their speaking as well as in their sessions and forums. This sort of dispute is: aroused by a person’s feeling of superiority and intelligence, and his attempts to deprecate the opinions of others. This is a sign of deviation.

Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet Muhammad said: “No people have gone astray after the guidance they used to follow except because of their engagement in disputes.” Then he recited the verse Zukhruf 58: And they said, “Are our gods better, or is he? They did not present the comparison except for [mere] argument. But, [in fact], they are a people prone to dispute. Imam Ibn Maajah and Ahmad.

Allah said in surah Hujurat 11: O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.

Allah the Exalted forbids scoffing at people, which implies humiliating and belittling them. The Messenger of Allah said: Arrogance is refusing the truth, and belittling people.

Allah The Almighty does not like this kind of people. The Prophet said: “The most hated person in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome one.” [Al-Bukhaari]

People who build their arguments upon falsehood expose themselves to the wrath of Allah The Exalted. The Prophet said: “If a person engages in a dispute based on falsehood while he knows that it is falsehood, he incurs the wrath of Allah on himself until he stops.” [Abu Daawood, Al-Albaani – Saheeh]

Knowing that this sort of dispute is difficult for people to avoid, the Prophet assured those who abandon it that they would thereby receive a magnificent reward; He said: “I guarantee a palace on the outskirts of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he is right.” [Abu Daawood, Al-Albaani – Hasan]

Prophet Suleiman (Solomon) said to one of his sons, “Avoid dispute, for it is of little benefit, and it stirs enmity among brothers.”

Ibn ‘Abbas and his father, said, “What a sinful action it is for you to be disputant.”
Al-Awzaa’i said, “If Allah The Almighty wants evil to befall some people, He keeps them in continuous dispute and makes them stop doing [good deeds].” Muhammad ibn Husain ibn ‘Ali said, “Dispute erases one’s religion and implants enmity among people.

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