Hutba – predzanci Sudnjeg Dana 2-dio \ May-17-2013\ 07 Rajab-1434

Sudnji Dan i predzanci Sudnjeg Dana 2-dio

20120819_065507Vjerovanju u Sudnji Dan je stub imana, to je Dan u kome će svi biti nagrađeni onako kako su zaslužili. Kada će se desiti to niko nezna, ali će se desiti neki pred-zaci, koji nam ukazuju na njegovu blizinu. Kako god, neke stvari će se desiti pred kijamet ili ”smak svijeta”. Ovi događaji su poznati kao predznaci Sudnjeg Dana, svi Poslanici su obavjestili svoj narod o predznacima Sudnjeg Dana, kao i posljednji Poslanik Muhammed a,s, je obavjestio svoj ummet o ovim predznacima, jasno je opisao i pojasnio dešavanja.

Ebu Zejd Amr ibn Ahtab r,a, kaže: Poslanik a,s, se popeo na mimber nakon sabah namaza i započeo je govor toliko dugo sve dok nije došlo vrijeme za podne namaz. Kad smo završili podne namaz ponovo se popeo na mimber i počeo govoriti sve dok nije došla ikindija, poslije ikindije namaza se ponovo popeo na mimber i govorio je dok sunce nije zašlo. Tog dana je govorio šta je se desilo u prošlosti, i šta će se desiti. Ko je od nas najbolje znao i razumio, najviše je i zapamtio. (Muslim)

Započet ćemo danas sa onom grupom predzanak Sudnjeg Dana koja se već pojavili i koja je prošla citirajući i navodeće vjerodostojne predaje, te ajete iz Kur’ana. 1- Poslanstvo Muhammeda a,s: Poslanik a,s, je nagovjestio da je njegovo poslanstvo dokaz blizine Sudnjeg Dana, i da su on i Sudnji Dan, tako blizu kao što je kažiprst blizu srednjeg prsta. Sehl ibn Sa’d r,a, prenosi da je Poslanik a,s, rekao; Poslani smo ja i Sudnji Dan, kao ova dva (pokazujući pri tome na kažiprst i srednji prst). Buhari i Muslim.

Muhammed a,s, je posljednji Poslaik, iza njega nema Poslanika nego slijedi Sudnji Dan, isto kao i što kažiprst slijedi srednji prsti nema između njih drugog prsta. Prenosi Ebu Džebire r,a, da je Poslanik a,s, rekao: Poslan sam u vrijeme pirkanja vjetra Sudnjeg Dana. Hakim. Zatim od Burede r,a, se prenosi da je Poslanik a,s, rekao; Poslat sam ja i Sudnji Dan, i zamalo me nije pretekao. Imam Ahmed. Imam El-Kurtubi r,a, kaže: Prvi predznak Sudnjeg Dana je poslanstvo Muhammeda a,s, jer je on posljednji Poslanik a već je poslan i nema između njega i Sudnjeg Dana nijednog poslanika. Tezkije.

2- Smrt Allahovog Poslanika a,s, sama smrt Poslanika a,s, je od predznaka Sudnjeg Dana. Avf ibn Malik r,a, u kojem mu Poslanik a,s, za vrijeme bitke na Tebuku kaže: Nabroj šest (predznaka) prije Sudnjeg Dana: 1- Moju smrt 2- Osvojenje Jerusalema 3- Pomor (umiranje) koje će vas zadesiti kao ovčija kuga (slinavka) 4- Izobilje u imetku, tako da će se dati čovjeku 100 zlatnika (dinara) i opet neće biti zadovoljan. 5- Zatim fitna (nered i metež) koji će zadesiti sve arape i neće biti ni jenda kuća a da u nju neće taj nered i smutnja ući. 6- Zatim će biti primirje između vas i ”benu asfara” (potomci rimljana i bizantijaca) , pa će vas iznevjeriti, doći će sa velikom vojskom sa osam zastava ispod svake zastave će biti 12.000 vojnika. Imam Buhari. = 96.000.

Smrt Poslanika a,s, je bila jedan od najtežih događaja za muslimane. No, međutim drugi predznak koji je Poslanik a,s, spomenuo se pojavio u vremenu Omera ibn El-Hattaba r,a, kada su Muslimani osvojili Jerusalem 636 godine po Islam a,s, ili 16 godine po hidžri.  Kuga u Amevasu: I ovaj predznak se ispunio. Ibn Hadžer r,h, kaže: Govori se da se ovaj predznak pojavio u Amevaskoj kugi, za vrijeme Omerovog r,a, hilafeta, i to je bilo nakon osvojenja Jerusalema 18 godine po hidžri. Ova bolest se pojavila u Amevas a poslije se proširila po cijeloj Siriji. Od te opake bolesti umro je veliki broj ashaba, spominje se da je umrlo blizu 25.000 muslimana. Među poznatijim ashabima koji su umrli od te kuge su: Ebu Ubejde ibn Džerrah, Muaz ibn Džebel.

Izobilje u imetku i neovisnost od sadake i milostine, ovaj predznak se pojavio u vrijeme Omera ibn Abdul Aziza r,a. Prva fitna i nered se desio sa ubistvom Osmana ibn Affana r,a, neprijatelji Osmana r,a, nisu mu dozvoljavali da klanju u džamiji, kad su ubili osmana r,a, 35 godine po hidđri u mjesecu Zul-Hidžetu.

Poslije ovog događaja Ali bin Ebi Talib r,a, je postao novi izabrani halifa, neki muslimani su se složili dok drugi nisu i otišli su u Siriju, onda je Aiša r,a, pozvala na odmazdu za Osmana r,a, i tkao je nastala bitka ”Džemel” između Aiše i Alije r,a. Nakon toga ponovo bitka između Alije r,a, i Muavije i Amru ibn Asa r,a bitka koja se zvala Sifin desila se 657 godine po Isa a,s, ili 37 godine po hidžri, tada je izgubljenih bilo na obadvjie strane brojka dolazi do 90.000. i nakon svega toga pojavljuje se sekta Havaridža koji su podržavali Aliju r,a, a nkon toga se okrenuli protiv njega.

 The Day of Judgment, the signs of the last day 2-part

Belief in Doomsday is one of the fundamentals and pillars of faith. It is the day when everyone is to get recompense and punishment for one’s work and has to go to heaven or hell according to one’s deeds. This is the reason each and every Prophet warned his people of the Day of Judgment.

As for the knowledge of the time of Qiyamah (End of the World), it has not been given to any angel or Prophet. Nobody besides Allah knows when the final hour is. However certain events are going to take place prior to the coming of the final hour. These events are known as the Signs of Qiyamah. All the Prophets informed their people of the signs of the final hour. Our Prophet Muhammad being the last and the seal of Prophets, knowing that Doomsday is to come upon this very ummah, explained clearly and in considerable detail the signs of the final hour to the extent that sometimes he would lecture his companions all day on this subject.

Abu Zaid Amr ibn Ahtab r,a, says, ‘The Prophet sat down on the pulpit after Fajar Prayer and began a deliver a long sermon until the time for Zohr prayer came. After saying the Zohr prayer he again sat on the pulpit and began the sermon, which continued till Asr prayer. After the Asr prayer he resumed the sermon so much so that the sunset. He related whatever happened in the past and also related in detail whatever is to happen in the future. Those amongst us who had good memories retained many things.’ (Muslim)

We will begin here with the minor signs, quoting evidence for them from the verses of the Qur’an and hadiths, which speaks of this matter, aiming to quote the soundest of hadiths. First: signs that have already come to pass and that are finished with.

1-The coming of the Prophet Muhammad a,s: The Prophet a,s, mentioned to us that his mission was a sign of the imminence of the Hour and that it is the first of the minor signs of it. Sahl ibn Sa’d reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah gesturing with his two fingers like this, the middle finger and the one that is next to the thumb (saying): I and the Hour (the end of this world, and the beginning of the Day of Resurrection) have been sent like this (just as his index and middle fingers are not separated by a great distance in space, his being sent and the Hour are not separated by a great distance in time). Muslim

Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah said: I have been sent (close to) the Hour, like (the closeness) of these two. He then joined his index and middle fingers. (Imam Muslim). Buraidah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: I have been sent (so close) to the Hour that it even almost preceded me. (Imam Ahmad, hadith Hasan)

Imam Al-Qurtubi said: The first of the signs was the Prophet because he was the Prophet to the end of time. he has been sent and there will be no other Prophet between him and the Day of Resurrection.

2- The death of the Prophet a,s: The tragedy of his death is one of the first signs of the approach of the Hour. Abu Awf ibn Malik said: I came to the Prophet a,s, during the Tabuk expedition when he was  in a leather tens and said: ” Count six things prior to the Hour: 1- My death 2- The conquest of Jerusalem 3- Death which will spread among you like (qu’ass) murrain (plague) (a disease that afflicts beast; one of the result of the sickness is that some material flows through the nose of the afflicted animals). 4- Abundant wealth where a man will be given one hundred dinars (gold coins) and will not be content (people will have a great deal of wealth and they will be so rich that a man will not be happy with anything except thousands of dinars).

5- A fitna and turmoil in which no household among the Arabs will be unaffected (trial that will enter into every single Arab home) 6- A truce drawn between you and Banu Al-Asfar – the Romans and Byzantines, which they will break and will come to you under eight banners beneath each of which will be twelve thousand soldiers. (Imam Bukhari) = 96.000.

Of course we know the timing of the death of the Prophet a,s, as for the second of the six signs, it occurred during the caliphate of Umar ibn Khattab, when the Muslims conquered Jerusalem in the year 636CE or 16th Hijri.

Al-Hafith ibn Hajar r,h, said that the third of the six signs also occurred during the caliphate of the Umar ibn Khattab, after the conquering of Jerusalem, when many people died in the widespread (Amwas) plague. And that kind of illness accrued in the 18th year of Hijra. A lot of companions died some said that number is 25,000. Muath ibn Jabal died and Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah died in that year.

As for the fourth of the six signs, some historians mention that it occurred during the caliphate of Usman, and in the caliphate Umar ibn Abdul Aziz r,a.

The first fitna was the killing of Usman and many trials began afflicted the Muslims. The enemies of Usman forbade him from going to the Mosque. When they killed Usman it was the year 35 of Hijra, in the month of Zul-Hijjah.

After that accident Ali ibn Abi Talib became a caliph, some Muslims agreed and some others left Medina and went to the Damask. And then Aisha was calling to the revenge for Osman’s death, and it start fighting between Ali and Aisha in the Battle called “JAMAL”. And then again between Ali and Muawiyah and Ammru ibn As, in the Battle of Siffin 657CE or 37th Hijri. And there we lost around 90.000. And after that it accrued the fitna of the “KHAWARIJ” literally “those who went out”; singular, Khārijī) is a general term embracing various Muslims who, while initially supporting the authority of the final Rashidun Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib the son-in-law and cousin of the Prophet a,s then later rejected his leadership.

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